Tips and Troubleshooting¶
Reading compressed CSVs¶
csvkit has builtin support for reading
xz (LZMA) compressed input files. This is automatically detected based on the file extension. For example:
csvstat examples/dummy.csv.gz csvstat examples/dummy.csv.bz2 csvstat examples/dummy.csv.xz
Please note, the files are decompressed in memory, so this is a convenience, not an optimization.
Specifying STDIN as a file¶
Most tools use
STDIN as input if no filename is given, but tools that accept multiple inputs like csvjoin and csvstack don’t. To use
STDIN as an input to these tools, use
- as the filename. For example, these three commands produce the same output:
csvstat examples/dummy.csv cat examples/dummy.csv | csvstat cat examples/dummy.csv | csvstat -
csvstack can take a filename and
STDIN as input, for example:
cat examples/dummy.csv | csvstack examples/dummy3.csv -
Alternately, you can pipe in multiple inputs like so:
csvjoin -c id <(csvcut -c 2,5,6 a.csv) <(csvcut -c 1,7 b.csv)
Using csvkit in a crontab¶
Processes running in a crontab will not have a tty allocated, so reading files for csvkit will require passing the file as stdin rather than using the file argument:
# bad 0 0 * * * /usr/bin/csvsql --query 'select max(time) from temp' -d ';' --tables temp /my/csv/file.csv # works fine 0 0 * * * /usr/bin/csvsql --query 'select max(time) from temp' -d ';' --tables temp < /my/csv/file.csv
csvkit is supported on non-end-of-life versions of Python.
It is tested on macOS, and has also been used on Linux and Windows.
If installing on macOS, you may need to install Homebrew first:
/usr/bin/ruby -e "$(curl -fsSL https://raw.githubusercontent.com/Homebrew/install/master/install)" brew install python pip install csvkit
If installing on Ubuntu, you may need to install Python’s development headers first:
sudo apt-get install python-dev python-pip python-setuptools build-essential pip install csvkit
If the installation is successful but csvkit’s tools fail, you may need to update Python’s setuptools package first:
pip install --upgrade setuptools pip install --upgrade csvkit
On macOS, if you see
OSError: [Errno 1] Operation not permitted, try:
sudo pip install --ignore-installed csvkit
Or if you see
/usr/local/bin/pip: bad interpreter and have Python 3 installed, try:
python3 -m pip install csvkit
CSV formatting and parsing¶
- Are values appearing in incorrect columns?
- Does the output combine multiple fields into a single column with double-quotes?
- Does the outplit split a single field into multiple columns?
csvstat -c 1and
csvstat --countreporting inconsistent row counts?
- Do you see
Row # has # values, but Table only has # columns.?
These may be symptoms of CSV sniffing gone wrong. As there is no single, standard CSV format, csvkit uses Python’s csv.Sniffer to deduce the format of a CSV file: that is, the field delimiter and quote character. By default, the entire file is sent for sniffing, which can be slow. You can send a small sample with the
--snifflimit option. If you’re encountering any cases above, you can try setting
--snifflimit 0 to disable sniffing and set the
--quotechar options yourself.
Although these issues are annoying, in most cases, CSV sniffing Just Works™. Disabling sniffing by default would produce a lot more issues than enabling it by default.
CSV data interpretation¶
- Are the numbers
0being interepted as
- Are phone numbers changing to integers and losing their leading
- Is the Italian comune of “None” being treated as a null value?
These may be symptoms of csvkit’s type inference being too aggressive for your data. CSV is a text format, but it may contain text representing numbers, dates, booleans or other types. csvkit attempts to reverse engineer that text into proper data types—a process called “type inference”.
For some data, type inference can be error prone. If necessary you can disable it with the
--no-inference switch. This will force all columns to be treated as regular text.
csvkit’s tools fall into two categories: Those that load an entire CSV into memory (e.g. csvstat) and those that only read data one row at a time (e.g. csvcut). Those that stream results will generally be very fast. See Contributing to csvkit for a full list. For those that buffer the entire file, the slowest part of that process is typically the “type inference” described in the previous section.
If a tool is too slow to be practical for your data try setting the
--snifflimit option or using the
Are you seeing this error message, even after running
pip install psycopg2,
pip install mysql-connector-python or
pip install mysqlclient?
You don't appear to have the necessary database backend installed for connection string you're trying to use. Available backends include: PostgreSQL: pip install psycopg2 MySQL: pip install mysql-connector-python OR pip install mysqlclient For details on connection strings and other backends, please see the SQLAlchemy documentation on dialects at: https://www.sqlalchemy.org/docs/dialects/
If you installed csvkit with Homebrew (
brew install csvkit), then you need to install those packages with the same version of
pip as the
csvkit formula. For example:
$(brew --prefix csvkit)/libexec/bin/pip install psycopg2
Otherwise, make sure that you can open a
python interpreter and run
import psycopg2. If you see an error containing
mach-o, but wrong architecture, you may need to reinstall
export ARCHFLAGS="-arch i386" pip install --upgrade psycopg2 (source).
If you see another error, you may be able to find a solution on StackOverflow.
Python standard output encoding errors¶
If, when running a command like
csvlook dummy.csv | less you get an error like:
'ascii' codec can't encode character '\u0105' in position 2: ordinal not in range(128)
The simplest option is to set the encoding that Python uses for standard streams, using the
PYTHONIOENCODING environment variable:
PYTHONIOENCODING=utf8 csvlook dummy.csv | less